Templar estate boundary stone MYD4471 (c) YDNPA, 2023
The boundary of the Knights Templar estate at Penhill has been determined by archaeologists using a number of sources including the first edition 6 inch Ordnance Survey map which delineates the estate as being tithe free. Three boundary stones provided another part of the evidence. They seem to have been erected sometime during the 19th century to replace the original Medieval stones that would have marked routes in and out of the estate. They are of different styles and shapes but are all carved with a Maltese-style cross placed below a large letter ‘T’.
Dennison, E (2004) ‘An Historical Landscape Survey: The Swinithwaite Estate, West Witton’ in White, R F & Wilson, P R (eds) (2004) Archaeology and Historic Landscapes of the Yorkshire Dales. Yorkshire Archaeological Society Occasional Paper No 2 pp25-37 [‘The Knights Templar Estate’ pp27-30]